PRP: A Regenerative Joint Injection Therapy
Platelet Rich Plasma is a technique used to help treat degenerative joint disease, ligament laxity, and musculoskeletal pain. This method involves drawing your blood, centrifuging the blood to isolate platelets and growth factors, and then rejecting the solution into the site that needs treatment.
What conditions can PRP treat?
Musculoskeletal pain: shoulder, knee, low back, tight muscles, tendinitis, tendinosis, partial rotator cuff tears, trigger points.
- Joint Pain: shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, hip, knee, ankle, and toes.
- Degenerative joint diseases: osteoarthritis, carpal tunnel, partial meniscus and labrum tears
- Ligament laxity: partial ligament tears: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial/lateral cruciate ligament (MCL/LCL), and Sacroiliac (SI).
How Does PRP Work?
Your blood contains both platelets and growth factors that help heal and remodel your body, but areas like ligaments and joints have poor vascular support (blood flow). Due to the low amount of blood flow to these regions, growth factors and platelets reach these sites in lower concentrations. This results in these areas having more pain and needing more time to regenerate.
Average blood has a platelet concentration of about 200,000 per microliter. The Platelet Rich Plasma can exceed 2 million platelets per microliter. By injecting the PRP into the treated areas, we are not only providing an area with little vascular support nutrients but also 10x the average amount. This leads to a decrease in pain, decrease in healing time, and increase the integrity of the structures.
When the PRP is injected into the body, the inflammation causes some cells in the area to be destroyed. When these cells are damaged, they release cytokines. Cytokines are messengers to the body that something has gone wrong, and that growth factors and stem cells should be brought to the area to heal the damage. In this sense, PRP not only gives direct support through the platelets in growth factors in the solution, but it encourages the body to remodel the treatment area on its own continuously.